Listing common conditions

Displaying 201 - 225 of 225 in total

Skin pigmentation disorder
A group of conditions in which the molecules that give skin its color are altered. This includes complete lack of skin color from birth (albinism), lack of skin color in patches later in life (vitiligo), areas of darkened skin color (a marker of diseases such as Addison's disease or diabetes), etc.
Skin polyp
Commonly referred to as a "skin tag," this is a small, non-dangerous growth that typically forms in areas where the skin folds or creases.
Smoking or tobacco addiction
A compulsive need to continue using products containing nicotine (e.g. smoking cigarettes or cigars, chewing tobacco, etc.). Stopping nicotine use leads to withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and headaches.
Spinal stenosis
A narrowing of the bony canal in the spine through which the spinal cord travels. Compression of the cord can lead to pain, numbness or weakness. Spinal stenosis commonly occurs in the cervical or lumbar region of the spine.
Spondylosis
Breakdown and inflammation (i.e. arthritis) of the joints in the spine. This can sometimes lead to nerve compression, a painful condition.
Sprain or strain
Stretching of a tendon or muscle (strain) or ligament (sprain) around a joint, resulting in pain and reduced mobility.
Strep throat
A very common infection that primarily affects children. It is caused by the bacteria streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment requires a full course of antibiotics to avoid complications.
Stroke
A medical emergency in which part of the brain does not receive enough blood. Symptoms include sudden onset of weakness, numbness, nausea, and difficulty speaking. It is important to note the time of onset of symptoms and call 911 immediately.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage
A bruise in the eye with blood accumulating under the clear outside layer. It is often painless and noticed by the patient only when pointed out or in the mirror. Causes include straining, high blood pressure, trauma, and bleeding disorders.
Temporary or benign blood in urine
Blood in the urine that is not concerning for an underlying disease and will go away on its own with time. An example of this is a minor cut inside of the urinary tract causing small amounts of bleeding.
Tendinitis
The inflammation of a tendon, the string-like structure that connects muscles to bones. Overuse of the tendon is the most likely cause.
Threatened pregnancy
A condition in which there is a high risk of miscarriage. Symptoms may include vaginal bleeding or contractions before the fetus (i.e. unborn child) can survive in the outside world (typically around the 23rd week). Causes include major genetic abnormalities in the fetus, infection, or cocaine use.
Tooth abscess
A pocket of pus that forms where the tooth inserts into the jaw. Bacteria can reach this tissue through the pulp of a tooth, gaining access via dental cavities or dental procedures.
Tooth disorder
Any problem related to the teeth, including cavities, chipped teeth, and impacted wisdom teeth. Tooth problems are best treated by your dentist or a dental walk-in clinic rather than the emergency department.
Transient ischemic attack
Temporary impairment of part of the brain due to low blood flow. Symptoms are similar to those of a stroke, but disappear within 24 hours. As this cannot be known ahead of time, the patient should go to the emergency department for evaluation immediately.
Urinary tract infection
Due to bacteria growing in the urethra or bladder. It is more common in women than in men. The infection can advance to the kidneys, leading to a condition known as pyelonephritis.
Uterine fibroids
A non-dangerous growth of fibrous muscle tissue in the uterus. These can cause painful menses (i.e. "periods") and infertility. They sometimes require surgical removal or removal of the entire uterus.
Vaginal cyst
A collection of fluid in a tissue pocket of the vagina. Cysts can form in old embryological structures (Gartner's cyst) or in glands (Bartholin gland cyst). Minor impact (e.g. tampon insertion) may also lead to cyst formation in the vaginal wall.
Vaginitis
Inflammation of the vagina, often in conjunction with the vulva (external tissues). Commonly, it is due to bacterial overgrowth, candida (fungus), or trichomoniasis. Only the latter is sexually transmitted.
Varicose veins
A condition in which veins become enlarged, twisted, and more visible. They are most commonly seen in the legs with age and are typically not dangerous, though they can be painful.
Venous insufficiency
A set of temporary symptoms due to decreased blood flow to the back of the brain. This often occurs in people with narrowing of the arteries over time, and puts them at risk for stroke.
Viral hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver caused by an infection from a virus. Common forms include Hepatitis A (short-term infections from contaminated food), Hepatitis B (for which most children are vaccinated), and Hepatitis C (long-term infection typically from sharing needles)
Viral warts
Infection of the lung tissue due to a virus as opposed to bacteria. Viral pneumonia are more common in children. Parainfluenza-virus, RSV and influenza virus A and B are the most common pathogens.
Vulvodynia
Chronic pain of the vulva, the external portion of the female genitalia. While the cause is unknown, pain is often triggered by insertion (e.g. tampon, intercourse) or pressure (e.g. biking). Some patients experience constant discomfort.
White blood cell disease
Any disorder of the white blood cells (the cells of the immune system). Problems include too few white blood cells, too many white blood cells or poorly functioning white blood cells. Many of these disorders lead to a decreased ability to fight off infections.
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