Listing common conditions

Displaying 151 - 200 of 225 in total

Nose disorder
Any problem relating to the nose, including frequent nose bleeds, deviated septum, nasal polyps, and runny nose.
Obesity
An excessive amount of body fat. This increases risk for diabetes and heart disease. This is defined as a body mass index (BMI) over 29.9. BMI can be calculated from height and weight using online calculators.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
A mental disorder characterized by obsessions (intrusive thoughts, fears, or worries that preoccupy a person and outweigh other thoughts) and/or compulsions (time-consuming, unnecessary, repetitive behaviors).
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
A condition in which a patient temporarily stops breathing while sleeping. Muscles of the neck relax while asleep, allowing the airway to collapse. The patient partially awakes and starts breathing again, leading to overall low quality sleep.
Onychomycosis
A fungal infection of the nail. It occurs more commonly with diabetes or advanced age due to decreased blood supply to the area. These can be difficult to treat.
Open wound due to trauma
An injury to part of the body caused by something impacting it, leading to tears, cuts, or puncture of the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the arm
An injury to the arm resulting in a tear, cut, or puncture to the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the face
An injury to the face resulting in a tear, cut, or puncture to the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the finger
An injury to one of the fingers that tears, cuts, or punctures the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the foot
An injury to the foot resulting in a tear, cut, or puncture to the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the hand
An injury to the hand that tears, cuts, or punctures the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the head
An injury to the head that tears, cuts, or punctures the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Open wound of the knee
An injury to the knee that tears, cuts, or punctures the skin. Some injuries require stitches to heal properly.
Osteoarthritis
Pain and immobility in joints that is the result of wearing down of the cartilage or even the underlying bone. It most commonly occurs in heavily used joints such as the hip, knees, hands, and spine.
Osteoporosis
A condition marked by loss of the minerals that harden the bone, leading to increased risk of bone breaks. Bone loss can be prevented by resistance exercises and calcium supplementation.
Otitis externa (swimmer's ear)
Inflammation of the ear canal outside of the ear drum. It is most commonly due to bacteria. It affects all age groups, however children are most commonly affected. A moist ear canal facilitates bacterial growth (hence the name, "swimmer's ear").
Otitis media
An infection of the middle part of the ear canal. It typically occurs after a cold or flu because of blockage inside of the ear canal.
Ovarian cyst
A collection of fluid contained by a membranous sack on the ovary. While some ovarian cysts are painful, others are completely asymptomatic. Cysts may rupture and, in rare cases, lead to bleeding.
Pain after an operation
Pain experienced in the time directly after surgery. This pain may be normal or may indicate a problem. Common types of pain after surgery are pain at the incision site and whole body aches.
Panic disorder
A psychological condition marked by recurrent panic attacks (a state of fear and physical symptoms including fast heart beat, fast breathing, and often chest pain). Symptoms can mimic a heart attack, and a medical cause should be ruled out on the first attack.
Parkinson disease
A disease caused by reduced dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a molecule important for initiating and controlling movement. People with this disease may shake in a particular way, have difficulty initiating movement, and may walk in a "shuffling" manner.
Peripheral arterial disease
A partial obstruction of blood flow in the arteries of the body. It is usually the result of plaque buildup similar to the process in coronary artery disease. Cool extremities and claudication (pain with muscle use) are often symptoms.
Peripheral nerve disorder
Malfunction of nerves, most commonly in the legs. Both strength and feeling can be affected, leading to weakness, numbness, and pain. This disease can be genetic, but is also caused by diabetes, chemotherapy side effects, and certain infections.
Personality disorder
A mental disorder in which a person consistently demonstrates thought patterns or behaviors that are not appropriate in society and lead to problems in life.
Pleural effusion
A condition in which too much fluid builds up in the space that surrounds the lungs. Some of the causes include infections, heart failure, cancers, and auto-immune conditions.
Pneumonia
An inflammation of the tiny air sacs inside of the lungs. It can be caused by an infection (bacterial, viral, or fungal), drugs, or certain conditions in which the person's own immune system attacks the lungs.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Characterized by nightmares, flashbacks, and intrusive thoughts due to threatening situations in the past (e.g. rape, deployment to war). Patients report difficulty sleeping and being hyper-vigilant (e.g. always scanning their surroundings for threats).
Pregnancy
Not a disease but a natural process. However, there are certain risks to both mother and baby and therefore the continued care of a board-certified obstetrician is highly recommended.
Problem during pregnancy
Any complications experienced during pregnancy, including early labor, miscarriage, maternal diabetes, maternal heart failure, persistent morning sickness, anemia, urinary tract infections, etc.
Prostate cancer
A malignant transformation of cells in the prostate, a small secretory organ found just below a man's bladder. It is common in elderly men and most cases grow very slowly. As of late, the utility of the "PSA" screening test has come under scrutiny.
Psoriasis
A skin condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks skin cells. The irritated skin cells grow even faster, leading to formation of scales and plaques.
Psychotic disorder
A mental illness that does not precisely fit a predetermined diagnostic category. It is therefore commonly referred to as "NOS," meaning "not otherwise specified". A key feature is a impaired perception of reality.
Pyelonephritis
An inflammation of the kidney, typically due to a bacterial infection. These often occur after a normal urinary tract infection is left untreated and spreads upwards to the kidneys.
Pyogenic skin infection
Any infection of the skin, usually bacterial, that causes pus. This includes boils or more widespread rashes with pus-filled blisters.
Rectal disorder
Any problem related to the rectum, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, cancer, incontinence, and infections.
Rheumatoid arthritis
A condition in which the joints (most commonly the fingers, wrists, knees, toes, ankles, and shoulders) are inflamed and break down due to a system-wide inflammatory condition in which the body's own immune system begins attacking itself.
Rotator cuff injury
Any irritation or damage to the muscles or tendons of the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles that connect the upper arm to the shoulder blade. This can occur due to a specific injury (e.g. throwing a ball too hard) or over time with age.
Schizophrenia
A mental illness which usually first manifests abruptly when the patient is in his/her early 20s as a 'psychotic break'. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thoughts and speech. Patients may be at risk of hurting themselves or others.
Sciatica
Compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, leading to lower back pain that may extend to the buttocks and radiate down the entirety of the leg. It is often caused by a bulging disk or arthritis of the spine.
Scoliosis
A condition in which the backbone is curved from side to side. This most often occurs during growth spurts in childhood or adolescence. Though the exact cause is unknown, it can occur with birth defects, muscular disorders, and injuries.
Seasonal allergies (hay fever)
A reaction of the immune system to pollen and/or certain other substances in the air. This abnormal reaction can result in runny nose and itchy red eyes.
Sebaceous cyst
A thin-walled, fluid filled sac that develops from the skin or hair follicles. It is often caused by a blockage in one of the glands of the cyst that release oils or sweat, leading to infection and formation of pus-filled sacs.
Seborrheic keratosis
A noncancerous growth on the skin, usually tan to black in color. The lesions look like they are "stuck on" and are usually found on the torso, arms, and face. This condition is common in the elderly. The lesions are not known to become cancerous.
Sensorineural hearing loss
Hearing loss that is caused by problems with the brain, the nerve that sends sound information from the ear to the brain, or the tiny structures in the inner ear that convert sound waves into information for the nerve.
Sepsis
A syndrome of whole-body inflammation due to an infection. It is caused by an overreaction of the body's own immune system to the infection. This is a medical emergency, potentially leading to dangerously low blood pressure.
Shingles (herpes zoster)
A painful skin rash that follows a particular distribution on the skin (referred to as dermatomes) based on the location of the nerves of the skin. The rash usually does not cross from the right to the left side of the body. This condition arises from the same virus that causes chickenpox being re-activated many years later (often in the elderly).
Sickle cell anemia
A hereditary form of anemia (i.e. low red blood cell count) in which the red blood cells take on a rigid, curved shape. These cells can clump together, blocking blood vessels and leading to pain and permanent damage to the vital organs.
Sinus bradycardia
A slow heart rhythm (slower than 60 beats/minute) that originates from the sinoatrial node in the heart. While trained athletes have low resting heart rates, a low heart rate leading to symptoms such as dizziness or fainting requires emergent evaluation.
Skin cancer
A malignant transformation of skin cells. If left untreated, skin cancer can metastasize like all other cancers and cause severe illness and death.
Skin disorder
Any problem relating to the skin, including acne, rashes, boils, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis (a type of dandruff), skin cancer, and psoriasis.
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