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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Also known as COPD and Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also known as chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD), chronic airflow limitation (CAL) and chronic obstructive respiratory disease (CORD), is the occurrence of chronic bronchitis or emphysema, a pair of commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs in which the airways narrow over time. This limits airflow to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea). In clinical practice, COPD is defined by its characteristically low airflow on lung function tests. In contrast to asthma, this limitation is poorly reversible and usually gets increasingly worse over time.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), 83% report having cough, 70% report having shortness of breath, and 54% report having nasal congestion. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) are coughing up sputum and congestion in chest, although you may still have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, hematologic tests, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, glucose measurement, kidney function tests and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) include azithromycin, combivent, fluticasone / salmeterol, tiotropium (spiriva), ipratropium, guaifenesin (mucinex), levalbuterol (xopenex), robitussin ac, clarithromycin, benzonatate, codeine / promethazine, theophylline and guaifenesin / hydrocodone .

Azithromycin
$25
(7 days)
Combivent
$164
(28 days)
Tiotropium (Spiriva)
$180
(28 days)
Ipratropium
$66
(21 days)
Guaifenesin (Mucinex)
$13
(14 days)
Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
$67
(21 days)
Robitussin Ac
$5
(7 days)
Clarithromycin
$37
(14 days)
Benzonatate
$17
(14 days)
Theophylline
$19
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.7x
1-4 years
0.8x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.7x
75+ years
1.8x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.2x
Other
0.6x
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