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Chronic back pain

Back pain is pain felt in the back that usually originates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with chronic back pain, 90% report having back pain, 70% report having low back pain, and 50% report having leg pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of chronic back pain are back pain, low back pain, back cramps or spasms, and back stiffness or tightness, although you may still have chronic back pain without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with chronic back pain often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, x-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, insertion of catheter or spinal stimulator and injection into spinal canal, other therapeutic procedures and other physical therapy and rehabilitation .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with chronic back pain include cyclobenzaprine, methocarbamol, carisoprodol (soma), orphenadrine (flexon), metaxalone (skelaxin), iohexol (omnipaque), iopamidol (isovue), chlorzoxazone, diclofenac topical product, oxymorphone (opana), nedocromil, oxytetracycline/phenazopyridine/sulfamethizol and acetaminophen / caffeine / dihydrocodeine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for chronic back pain include age 30-44 years age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get chronic back pain.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
1.5x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.1x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.1x
Other
0.7x
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