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Chorioretinitis

Also known as Retinochoroiditis

Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid (thin pigmented vascular coat of the eye) and retina of the eye. It is a form of posterior uveitis. If only the choroid is inflamed and not the retina, the condition is termed choroiditis. The ophthalmologist's goal in treating these potentially blinding conditions is to eliminate the inflammation and minimize the potential risk of therapy to the patient.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with chorioretinitis, 78% report having diminished vision, 55% report having spots or clouds in vision, and 32% report having eye burns or stings. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of chorioretinitis are diminished vision, spots or clouds in vision, eye burns or stings, itchiness of eye, double vision, foreign body sensation in eye, muscle swelling, elbow cramps or spasms, pus in urine, low back weakness, and knee cramps or spasms, although you may still have chorioretinitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with chorioretinitis often receive ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, destruction of lesion of retina and choroid, other therapeutic procedures, corneal transplant, procedures on spleen and removal of ectopic pregnancy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with chorioretinitis include prednisolone ophthalmic, tropicamide ophthalmic, phenylephrine (duramax), suprofen ophthalmic, timolol, atropine (uaa), methotrexate, tranylcypromine (parnate), fluorescein, vitamin a, zidovudine, dextroamphetamine (adderall) and brinzolamide ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for chorioretinitis include race/ethnicity = other age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years almost never get chorioretinitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.7x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
1.5x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
0.7x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
0.9x
Other
2.1x
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