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Chickenpox

Also known as Chicken Pox and Varicella

Chickenpox (or chicken pox) is a highly contagious disease caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). It usually starts with vesicular skin rash mainly on the body and head rather than at the periphery and becomes itchy, raw pockmarks, which mostly heal without scarring. On examination, the observer typically finds skin lesions at various stages of healing and also ulcers in the oral cavity & tonsil areas.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with chickenpox, 93% report having skin rash, 62% report having fever, and 45% report having abnormal appearing skin. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of chickenpox are skin rash and skin swelling, although you may still have chickenpox without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with chickenpox often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), hiv screen and human papillomavirus dna detection .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with chickenpox include diphenhydramine (benadryl), acyclovir, valacyclovir (valtrex), calamine topical, chickenpox vaccine (shingles vaccine), colloidal oatmeal topical, astemizole, trifluridine ophthalmic, calamine-pramoxine topical, suprofen ophthalmic, balsalazide, perphenazine and sulfasalazine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for chickenpox include race/ethnicity = other, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.3x
1-4 years
4.3x
5-14 years
3.8x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
0.2x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.9x
Other
2.8x
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