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Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term denoting a group of non-progressive, non-contagious motor conditions that cause physical disability in human development, chiefly in the various areas of body movement. Scientific consensus still holds that CP is neither genetic nor a 'disease', and it is also understood that the vast majority of cases are congenital, coming at or about the time of birth, and/or are diagnosed at a very young age rather than during adolescence or adulthood.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with cerebral palsy, 51% report having seizures, 29% report having problems with movement, and 14% report having cramps and spasms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cerebral palsy are difficulty eating, back cramps or spasms, and lip sore, although you may still have cerebral palsy without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with cerebral palsy often receive physical therapy exercises, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), occupational therapy assessment, injections and aspirations of muscles; tendons; bursa; joints and soft tissue, other therapeutic procedures, magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalogram (eeg) and bone density scan .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cerebral palsy include baclofen, levetiracetam (keppra), botulinum toxin type a (botox), topiramate (topamax), carbamazepine, phenobarbital, polyethylene glycol 3350 (miralax), glycopyrrolate, oxcarbazepine (trileptal), budesonide, zonisamide, tizanidine and clorazepate .

Baclofen
$18
(28 days)
Levetiracetam (Keppra)
$111
(28 days)
Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox)

Topiramate (Topamax)
$67
(28 days)
Carbamazepine
$43
(28 days)
Phenobarbital
$3
(28 days)
Polyethylene Glycol 3350 (Miralax)
$30
(28 days)
Glycopyrrolate
$74
(28 days)
Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)
$95
(28 days)
Budesonide
$281
(28 days)
Zonisamide
$63
(28 days)
Tizanidine
$25
(28 days)
Clorazepate
$18
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for cerebral palsy include age 5-14 years age 1-4 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years almost never get cerebral palsy.

Age

< 1 years
0.8x
1-4 years
2.7x
5-14 years
4.4x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
0.2x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.9x
Other
0.8x
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