Cerebral edema or cerebral œdema is an excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with cerebral edema, 84% report having headache, 63% report having neck pain, and 52% report having focal weakness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cerebral edema are focal weakness, difficulty speaking, problems with movement, and muscle stiffness or tightness, although you may still have cerebral edema without those symptoms.
Patients with cerebral edema often receive radiographic imaging procedure, magnetic resonance imaging, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement, cat scan of head, x-ray computed tomography and electrolytes panel .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cerebral edema include ipratropium, fluconazole (diflucan), topiramate (topamax), docusate (colace), lansoprazole (prevacid), labetalol, lamotrigine (lamictal), amitriptyline, chlorpheniramine / phenylephrine, mannitol, somatropin, minoxidil (rogaine) and zonisamide .
Groups of people at highest risk for cerebral edema include age 30-44 years age 5-14 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get cerebral edema.