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Cataract

Also known as Lens Opacity and Lenticular Opacity

A cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the eye which leads to a decrease in vision. It is the most common cause of blindness and is conventionally treated with surgery. Visual loss occurs because opacification of the lens obstructs light from passing and being focused on to the retina at the back of the eye.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with cataract, 77% report having diminished vision, 33% report having spots or clouds in vision, and 27% report having symptoms of eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cataract are diminished vision, spots or clouds in vision, symptoms of eye, blindness, foreign body sensation in eye, eye burns or stings, double vision, and cloudy eye, although you may still have cataract without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with cataract often receive lens and cataract procedures, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, diagnostic procedures on eye, other intraocular therapeutic procedures, glaucoma procedures and destruction of lesion of retina and choroid .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cataract include prednisolone ophthalmic, tropicamide ophthalmic, phenylephrine (duramax), moxifloxacin (avelox), latanoprost, gatifloxacin (zymar), proparacaine ophthalmic, brimonidine ophthalmic, bimatoprost ophthalmic, propofol, nepafenac ophthalmic, travoprost (travatan) and flurbiprofen ophthalmic product .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for cataract include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get cataract.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.1x
45-59 years
0.8x
60-74 years
3.3x
75+ years
3.6x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.1x
Other
1.2x
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