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Cat scratch disease

Also known as Cat Scratch Fever

Cat scratch disease (CSD), also known as cat scratch fever, Teeny's Disease, inoculation lymphoreticulosis, and subacute regional lymphadenitis, is a usually benign infectious disease caused by the intracellular bacterium Bartonella henselae. It is most commonly found in children following a scratch or bite from a cat within about one to two weeks. It was discovered in 1889 by Henri Parinaud.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with cat scratch disease, 74% report having neck swelling, 74% report having skin swelling, and 57% report having arm lump or mass. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cat scratch disease are neck swelling, skin swelling, groin mass, arm swelling, swollen eye, arm lump or mass, and itchy eyelid, although you may still have cat scratch disease without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with cat scratch disease often receive glucose measurement, complete blood count, kidney function tests, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), ophthalmic examination and evaluation, corneal transplant, procedures on spleen and removal of ectopic pregnancy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cat scratch disease include azithromycin, augmentin, theophylline, botulinum toxin type a (botox), metronidazole topical product, gentamicin ophthalmic, bacitracin (septa), doxycycline, docusate (colace), clonazepam, escitalopram (lexapro), chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine and mecamylamine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for cat scratch disease include sex == male, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years. On the other hand, age 60-74 years, race/ethnicity = black, and age 15-29 years almost never get cat scratch disease.

Age

< 1 years
3.6x
1-4 years
3.7x
5-14 years
3.8x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.0x
75+ years
1.2x

Sex

Male
1.6x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.0x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.5x
Other
0.1x
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