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Carcinoid syndrome

Also known as Carcinoid Tumor

Carcinoid syndrome refers to the array of symptoms that occur secondary to carcinoid tumors. The syndrome includes flushing and diarrhea, and, less frequently, heart failure and bronchoconstriction. It is caused by endogenous secretion of mainly serotonin and kallikrein.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with carcinoid syndrome, 77% report having involuntary urination, 11% report having preoccupation with sex, and 11% report having wrist cramps or spasms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of carcinoid syndrome are involuntary urination, knee lump or mass, neck cramps or spasms, excessive growth, vulvar sore, loss of sex drive, eye strain, shoulder swelling, nailbiting, wrist weakness, joint stiffness or tightness, and itchy eyelid, although you may still have carcinoid syndrome without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with carcinoid syndrome often receive radiographic imaging procedure, x-ray computed tomography, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, complete blood count, hematologic tests, echocardiography and blood culture .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with carcinoid syndrome include octreotide, amlodipine / benazepril, oxycodone, esomeprazole (nexium), atenolol, furosemide, sodium chloride (deep sea), chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline) and pipecuronium (arduan) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for carcinoid syndrome include age 75+ years, sex == male, age 60-74 years, race/ethnicity = black and age 45-59 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.1x
45-59 years
2.4x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
2.7x

Sex

Male
1.8x
Female
0.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.6x
Hispanic
0.1x
White
0.8x
Other
0.2x
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