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Bursitis

Also known as Inflammation Of Bursa

Bursitis is the inflammation of one or more bursae (small sacs) of synovial fluid in the body. The bursae rest at the points where internal functionaries, such as muscles and tendons, slide across bone. Healthy bursae create a smooth, almost frictionless functional gliding surface making normal movement painless. When bursitis occurs, however, movement relying upon the inflamed bursa becomes difficult and painful. Moreover, movement of tendons and muscles over the inflamed bursa aggravates its inflammation, perpetuating the problem. Muscle can also be stiffened.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with bursitis, 88% report having shoulder pain, 55% report having knee pain, and 47% report having elbow pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of bursitis are shoulder pain, elbow pain, elbow swelling, knee swelling, shoulder stiffness or tightness, and arm stiffness or tightness, although you may still have bursitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with bursitis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, application of splint, other therapeutic procedures, other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system and arthrocentesis .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with bursitis include triamcinolone topical product, bupivacaine, cortisone, dicloxacillin, salmeterol, diclofenac / misoprostol, trolamine salicylate topical, capsaicin topical, chlorzoxazone, oxaprozin, carbetapentane / pseudoephedrine / pyrilamine, clidinium (librax) and diazoxide .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for bursitis include age 60-74 years age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get bursitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.8x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.0x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.2x
Other
0.8x
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