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Bunion

A hallux abducto valgus deformity, commonly called a bunion, is a deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe, often erroneously described as an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with bunion, 80% report having foot or toe pain, 31% report having foot or toe lump or mass, and 25% report having knee pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of bunion are foot or toe pain, foot or toe lump or mass, skin on leg or foot looks infected, skin moles, and stiffness all over, although you may still have bunion without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with bunion often receive plain x-ray, examination of foot, excision, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), bunionectomy or repair of toe deformities, wound care management, traction; splints; and other wound care and other therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with bunion include bupivacaine, midazolam (versed), propofol, cefazolin, indomethacin, estrone (estrogenic), trolamine salicylate topical, flumazenil, neostigmine, ferrous sulfate, econazole topical, dexmethylphenidate (focalin) and bimatoprost ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for bunion include age 60-74 years age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get bunion.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.2x

Sex

Male
0.5x
Female
1.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.2x
Other
0.8x
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