Bronchiectasis is a disease state defined by localized, irreversible dilation of part of the bronchial tree caused by destruction of the muscle and elastic tissue. It is classified as an obstructive lung disease, along with emphysema, bronchitis, asthma, and cystic fibrosis. Involved bronchi are dilated, inflamed, and easily collapsible, resulting in airflow obstruction and impaired clearance of secretions. Bronchiectasis is associated with a wide range of disorders, but it usually results from bacterial infections, such as infections caused by the Staphylococcus or Klebsiella species, or Bordetella pertussis.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with bronchiectasis, 74% report having cough, 56% report having shortness of breath, and 47% report having hemoptysis. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of bronchiectasis are hemoptysis, coughing up sputum, and drainage in throat, although you may still have bronchiectasis without those symptoms.
Patients with bronchiectasis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, electrocardiogram, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), x-ray computed tomography, nebulizer therapy, examination of breast and arterial blood gases (abgs) .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with bronchiectasis include fluticasone / salmeterol, tiotropium (spiriva), combivent, tobramycin (tobi), moxifloxacin (avelox), aztreonam, ephedrine / phenobarbital / theophylline, robitussin dm, oxybutynin, acetaminophen / phenyltoloxamine / salicylamide, alprostadil (muse), ethambutol and cefotetan .
Groups of people at highest risk for bronchiectasis include race/ethnicity = other, age 75+ years and age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get bronchiectasis.