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Breast cancer

Also known as Cancer Of Breast and Malignant Neoplasm Of Breast

Breast cancer is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk. Cancers originating from ducts are known as ductal carcinomas, while those originating from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas. Breast cancer occurs in humans and other mammals. While the overwhelming majority of human cases occur in women, male breast cancer can also occur.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with breast cancer, 21% report having lump or mass of breast, 9% report having pain or soreness of breast, and 7% report having hot flashes. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of breast cancer are joint stiffness or tightness, although you may still have breast cancer without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with breast cancer often receive examination of breast, hematologic tests, complete blood count, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), glucose measurement, mammography, hemoglobin a1c measurement and ultrasonography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with breast cancer include tamoxifen, anastrozole (arimidex), letrozole (femara), trastuzumab (herceptin), zoledronic acid (reclast), paclitaxel (taxol), cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, pegfilgrastim (neulasta), exemestane (aromasin), capecitabine (xeloda) and palonosetron (aloxi) .

Tamoxifen
$17
(28 days)
Anastrozole (Arimidex)
$230
(28 days)
Letrozole (Femara)
$394
(28 days)
Trastuzumab (Herceptin)
$4222
(21 days)
Zoledronic Acid (Reclast)
$835
(28 days)
Paclitaxel (Taxol)
$978
(21 days)
Cyclophosphamide
$127
(28 days)
Doxorubicin
$114
(21 days)
Dexamethasone
$13
(14 days)
Pegfilgrastim (Neulasta)
$4278
(21 days)
Exemestane (Aromasin)
$324
(28 days)
Capecitabine (Xeloda)

Palonosetron (Aloxi)
$733
(21 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for breast cancer include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, sex == female and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, sex == male, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get breast cancer.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
1.9x
60-74 years
2.3x
75+ years
1.6x

Sex

Male
0.0x
Female
1.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.2x
Other
0.8x
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