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Atelectasis

Atelectasis (from Greek: ἀτελής, "incomplete" + ἔκτασις, "extension") is defined as the collapse or closure of the lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange . It may affect part or all of one lung. It is a condition where the alveoli are deflated, as distinct from pulmonary consolidation.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with atelectasis, 64% report having cough, 61% report having shortness of breath, and 53% report having sharp chest pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with atelectasis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, hematologic tests, complete blood count, x-ray computed tomography, electrocardiogram, intravenous fluid replacement and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with atelectasis include guaifenesin (mucinex), cilostazol, tiotropium (spiriva), factor ix complex (obsolete), lactase, iodine (i-deal), pancreatin, guaifenesin / phenylephrine, filgrastim (neupogen), darbepoetin alfa (aranesp), olopatadine ophthalmic, cefuroxime and rosiglitazone (avandia) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for atelectasis include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.5x
1-4 years
0.8x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.6x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
1.0x
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