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Asthma

Also known as Bronchial Asthma

Asthma (from the Greek ἅσθμα, ásthma, "panting") is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Common symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with asthma, 74% report having cough, 61% report having shortness of breath, and 55% report having wheezing. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of asthma are wheezing, although you may still have asthma without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with asthma often receive plain x-ray, nebulizer therapy, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), arterial blood gases (abgs), influenzavirus antibody assay, other respiratory therapy, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue and ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with asthma include albuterol, prednisone, montelukast (singulair), fluticasone / salmeterol, fluticasone nasal product, ipratropium, prednisolone, budesonide, levalbuterol (xopenex), combivent, beclomethasone nasal product, terbutaline and pirbuterol (maxair) .

Albuterol
$46
(28 days)
Prednisone
$5
(28 days)
Montelukast (Singulair)
$115
(28 days)
Fluticasone Nasal Product

Ipratropium
$66
(21 days)
Prednisolone
$15
(28 days)
Budesonide
$281
(28 days)
Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
$67
(21 days)
Combivent
$164
(28 days)
Beclomethasone Nasal Product

Terbutaline
$47
(28 days)
Pirbuterol (Maxair)
$107
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for asthma include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and race/ethnicity = black.

Age

< 1 years
0.8x
1-4 years
2.4x
5-14 years
2.9x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
0.5x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.6x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
0.7x
Other
1.1x
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