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Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis is the name given to a wide variety of diseases caused by infection by fungi of the genus Aspergillus. The most common forms are allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, pulmonary aspergilloma, and invasive aspergillosis. Most humans inhale Aspergillus spores every day. Aspergillosis develops mainly in individuals who are immunocompromised, either from disease or from immunosuppressive drugs, and is a leading cause of death in acute leukemia and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The most common cause is Aspergillus fumigatus.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with aspergillosis, 77% report having vomiting blood, 77% report having diminished hearing, and 77% report having shortness of breath. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of aspergillosis are diminished hearing, vomiting blood, vulvar sore, loss of sex drive, knee lump or mass, nailbiting, excessive growth, wrist weakness, shoulder swelling, and neck cramps or spasms, although you may still have aspergillosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with aspergillosis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, electrocardiogram, plain x-ray, complete blood count, hematologic tests, magnetic resonance imaging, cardiac monitoring and cardiac enzymes measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with aspergillosis include glycopyrrolate, tiotropium (spiriva), moxifloxacin (avelox), heparin, prochlorperazine (compro), diphenhydramine (benadryl), morphine (rms), chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline) and pipecuronium (arduan) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for aspergillosis include race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
2.9x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.1x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
2.7x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.1x
Hispanic
1.8x
White
1.2x
Other
0.2x
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