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Anemia

Anemia (/əˈniːmiə/; also spelled anaemia and anæmia; from Ancient Greek: ἀναιμία anaimia, meaning lack of blood, from ἀν- an-, "not" + αἷμα haima, "blood") is a decrease in number of red blood cells (RBCs) or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. However, it can include decreased oxygen-binding ability of each hemoglobin molecule due to deformity or lack in numerical development as in some other types of hemoglobin deficiency. Because hemoglobin (found inside RBCs) normally carries oxygen from the lungs to the capillaries, anemia leads to hypoxia (lack of oxygen) in organs. Since all human cells depend on oxygen for survival, varying degrees of anemia can have a wide range of clinical consequences.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with anemia, 32% report having fatigue, 28% report having weakness, and 27% report having dizziness.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with anemia often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, urinalysis, kidney function tests, electrocardiogram and intravenous fluid replacement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with anemia include epoetin alfa (procrit), darbepoetin alfa (aranesp), ferric oxide, saccharated (venofer), filgrastim (neupogen), sodium ferric gluconate complex (ferrlecit), deferasirox (exjade), valganciclovir (valcyte), ferrous gluconate, lenalidomide (revlimid), sorafenib, anagrelide, ferrous fumarate / polysaccharide iron complex and dextran 1 .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for anemia include age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
0.6x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
0.9x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
2.5x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
0.9x
Other
1.0x
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