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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Also known as Lou Gehrig Disease

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – also referred to as motor neurone disease in some Commonwealth of Nations countries and as Lou Gehrig's disease in the United States – is a debilitating disease with varied etiology characterized by rapidly progressive weakness, muscle atrophy and fasciculations, muscle spasticity, difficulty speaking (dysarthria), difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), and difficulty breathing (dyspnea). ALS is the most common of the five motor neuron diseases.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als), 58% report having weakness, 42% report having leg weakness, and 42% report having difficulty speaking. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als) are leg weakness, difficulty speaking, problems with movement, difficulty in swallowing, hand or finger weakness, muscle weakness, and leg cramps or spasms, although you may still have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als) without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als) often receive occupational therapy assessment, magnetic resonance imaging, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), physical therapy exercises, mental health counseling, referral to home health care service and examination of foot .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als) include riluzole, baclofen, tizanidine, glycopyrrolate, celecoxib (celebrex), vitamin e (vita-e), quinine, ubiquinone (q10), fibrin sealant topical, beta carotene, creatine, dantrolene and coal tar topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als) include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als).

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
2.5x
75+ years
1.9x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.5x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.4x
Other
0.3x
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