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Amblyopia

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is an eye disorder characterized by an impaired vision in an eye that otherwise appears normal, or out of proportion to associated structural abnormalities of the eye. It has been estimated to affect 1-5% of the population.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with amblyopia, 70% report having diminished vision, 33% report having eye deviation, and 23% report having pain in eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of amblyopia are diminished vision, eye deviation, foreign body sensation in eye, cross-eyed, pus draining from ear, abnormal movement of eyelid, and eye moves abnormally, although you may still have amblyopia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with amblyopia often receive ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, other therapeutic procedures, diagnostic procedures on eye and referral to home health care service .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with amblyopia include atropine (uaa), tropicamide ophthalmic, phenylephrine (duramax), cyclopentolate ophthalmic, proparacaine ophthalmic, cyclopentolate-phenylephrine ophthalmic, fluorides (f-), trifluridine ophthalmic, dexamethasone ophthalmic, lactic acid topical, zolmitriptan (zomig) and imipramine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for amblyopia include race/ethnicity = other, age 5-14 years and age 1-4 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
3.5x
5-14 years
5.3x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
0.4x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
1.5x
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