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Alzheimer disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also known in medical literature as Alzheimer disease, is the most common form of dementia. There is no cure for the disease, which worsens as it progresses, and eventually leads to death. It was first described by German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer in 1906 and was named after him. Most often, AD is diagnosed in people over 65 years of age, although the less-prevalent early-onset Alzheimer's can occur much earlier. In 2006, there were 26.6 million sufferers worldwide. Alzheimer's is predicted to affect 1 in 85 people globally by 2050.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with alzheimer disease, 73% report having disturbance of memory, 38% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, and 32% report having depression. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of alzheimer disease are disturbance of memory, although you may still have alzheimer disease without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with alzheimer disease often receive electrocardiogram, x-ray computed tomography, mental health counseling, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), psychotherapy, magnetic resonance imaging, cat scan of head and insertion of catheter into urinary bladder .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with alzheimer disease include donepezil (aricept), memantine (namenda), rivastigmine (exelon), galantamine, carbidopa / levodopa, dapiprazole ophthalmic, alendronate-cholecalciferol, bromocriptine, fluvastatin (lescol), citric acid, astemizole, hydrochlorothiazide / metoprolol and hypromellose (genteal) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for alzheimer disease include age 75+ years. On the other hand, age 30-44 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get alzheimer disease.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.0x
45-59 years
0.1x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
8.1x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.5x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.2x
Other
0.7x
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