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Alopecia

Also known as Loss Of Hair and Baldness

Alopecia (/ˌæləˈpiːʃə/, from Classical Greek ἀλώπηξ, alōpēx, meaning "fox") means loss of hair from the head or body. Alopecia can mean baldness, a term generally reserved for pattern alopecia or androgenic alopecia. Compulsive pulling of hair (trichotillomania) can also induce hair loss. Hairstyling routines such as tight ponytails or braids may cause traction alopecia. Both hair relaxer solutions, and hot hair irons can also induce hair loss. In some cases, alopecia is due to underlying medical conditions, such as iron deficiency.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with alopecia, 94% report having too little hair, 28% report having irregular appearing scalp, and 26% report having skin rash. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of alopecia are too little hair, irregular appearing scalp, dry or flaky scalp, and itchy scalp, although you may still have alopecia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with alopecia often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), lipid panel, other therapeutic procedures, biopsy, excision, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, excision of skin lesion and ophthalmic examination and evaluation .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with alopecia include minoxidil topical, finasteride (propecia), triamcinolone topical product, clobetasol topical, fluocinonide topical, minoxidil (rogaine), betamethasone topical product, salicylic acid topical, ketoconazole, hydroxychloroquine (plaquenil), anthralin topical, biotin and ciclopirox topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for alopecia include .

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.7x
5-14 years
1.0x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
0.9x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
0.8x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.0x
Other
1.4x
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