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Air embolism

Also known as Gas Embolism

An air embolism, or more generally gas embolism, is a pathological condition caused by a gas bubble, or bubbles, in a vascular system although an embolism in a medical context refers to any large moving mass or defect in the blood stream. Air embolisms may also occur in the xylem of vascular plants, especially when suffering from water stress.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with air embolism, 91% report having preoccupation with sex, 91% report having wrist cramps or spasms, and 91% report having joint cramps or spasms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of air embolism are pain in eye, shoulder cramps or spasms, facial pain, ankle pain, wrist pain, pain during pregnancy, excessive anger, joint stiffness or tightness, pain or soreness of breast, knee lump or mass, fatigue, and excessive urination at night, although you may still have air embolism without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with air embolism often receive corneal transplant, transurethral resection of prostate (turp), coronary thrombolysis, control of epistaxis, ct scan abdomen, procedures on spleen, bone marrow transplant and removal of ectopic pregnancy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with air embolism include chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline), pipecuronium (arduan), grepafloxacin (raxar), rabbit anti-human t-lymphocyte globulin (thymoglobulin), iopanoic acid, conjugated estrogens topical, malathion topical, gemtuzumab (mylotarg) and norelgestromin (ortho evra) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for air embolism include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, race/ethnicity = black, age 15-29 years, age 45-59 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
15.5x
1-4 years
8.1x
5-14 years
5.7x
15-29 years
2.6x
30-44 years
2.7x
45-59 years
2.4x
60-74 years
3.5x
75+ years
5.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.6x
Hispanic
3.4x
White
0.8x
Other
9.4x
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