An adjustment disorder occurs when an individual is unable to adjust to or cope with a particular stressor, like a major life event. Since people with this disorder normally have symptoms that depressed people do, such as general loss of interest, feelings of hopelessness and crying, this disorder is also sometimes known as situational depression. Unlike major depression however, the disorder is caused by an outside stressor and generally resolves once the individual is able to adapt to the situation. One hypothesis for adjustment disorder is that it may represent a sub-threshold clinical syndrome.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with adjustment reaction, 60% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, 60% report having depression, and 59% report having anxiety and nervousness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of adjustment reaction are excessive anger, low self-esteem, and nightmares, although you may still have adjustment reaction without those symptoms.
Patients with adjustment reaction often receive psychotherapy, mental health counseling, depression screen, toxicology screen, blood alcohol, psychological and psychiatric evaluation and therapy, other physical therapy and rehabilitation and other or upper gi therapeutic procedures .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with adjustment reaction include dexmethylphenidate (focalin), guanfacine (intuniv), tetrabenazine, charcoal-sorbitol, sodium salicylate, aspirin / butalbital / caffeine / codeine, diethylpropion (tenuate), magnesium hydroxide (m.a.h.) and disulfiram (antabuse) .
Groups of people at highest risk for adjustment reaction include age 5-14 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get adjustment reaction.