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Adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder

Also known as Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, medically referred to as adhesive capsulitis, is a disorder in which the shoulder capsule, the connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, becomes inflamed and stiff, greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, 94% report having shoulder pain, 56% report having shoulder stiffness or tightness, and 33% report having neck pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder are shoulder pain, shoulder stiffness or tightness, shoulder swelling, stiffness all over, and ankle stiffness or tightness, although you may still have adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder often receive physical therapy exercises, plain x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system, other therapeutic procedures, bone density scan, other therapeutic procedures on muscles and tendons and other diagnostic radiology and related techniques .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder include cortisone, nabumetone, capsaicin topical, progesterone, thyroid (usp) (armour thyroid), tizanidine, betamethasone topical product, ephedrine / hydroxyzine / theophylline, rapacuronium, betamethasone, ethyl chloride topical, coal tar topical and rofecoxib (vioxx) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder include race/ethnicity = other, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.4x
45-59 years
2.6x
60-74 years
2.1x
75+ years
0.6x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.0x
Other
1.7x
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