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Acute glaucoma

Also known as Narrow-angle Glaucoma and Angle-closure Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a term describing a group of ocular disorders with multi-factorial etiology united by a clinically characteristic intraocular pressure-associated optic neuropathy. This can permanently damage vision in the affected eye(s) and lead to blindness if left untreated. It is normally associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye (aqueous humour). The term "ocular hypertension" is used for people with consistently raised intraocular pressure (IOP) without any associated optic nerve damage. Conversely, the term 'normal tension' or 'low tension' glaucoma is used for those with optic nerve damage and associated visual field loss, but normal or low IOP.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with acute glaucoma, 62% report having diminished vision, 41% report having pain in eye, and 36% report having symptoms of eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of acute glaucoma are diminished vision, symptoms of eye, spots or clouds in vision, foreign body sensation in eye, itchiness of eye, and blindness, although you may still have acute glaucoma without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with acute glaucoma often receive ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, other intraocular therapeutic procedures, diagnostic procedures on eye, excision, other extraocular muscle and orbit therapeutic procedures, lens and cataract procedures and ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with acute glaucoma include brimonidine ophthalmic, timolol, latanoprost, bimatoprost ophthalmic, prednisolone ophthalmic, travoprost (travatan), pilocarpine ophthalmic, acetazolamide (diamox), apraclonidine ophthalmic, dorzolamide ophthalmic, proparacaine ophthalmic, prednisolone and tropicamide ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for acute glaucoma include race/ethnicity = other, age 75+ years and age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get acute glaucoma.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
2.6x
75+ years
3.3x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
0.9x
Other
2.5x
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