Acute bronchospasm (Bronchial Spasm)

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General Information

Also known as Bronchial Spasm


Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.

Source: MeSH

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with acute bronchospasm, 89% report having cough, 74% report having shortness of breath, and 63% report having wheezing. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of acute bronchospasm are wheezing, although you may still have acute bronchospasm without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with acute bronchospasm often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, nebulizer therapy, electrocardiogram, cardiac enzymes measurement, influenzavirus antibody assay, cardiac monitoring and blood culture .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with acute bronchospasm include albuterol, ipratropium, prednisolone, combivent, levalbuterol (xopenex), brompheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, codeine / promethazine, chlorpheniramine / hydrocodone / phenylephrine, carbinoxamine / pseudoephedrine, nitric oxide, arformoterol (brovana), carbetapentane / chlorpheniramine / phenylephrine and penicillin g benzathine (bicillin) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for acute bronchospasm include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.2x
1-4 years
3.3x
5-14 years
1.6x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
0.8x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
0.9x
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