Also known as Bronchial Spasm
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.Source: MeSH
Within all the people who go to their doctor with acute bronchospasm, 89% report having cough, 74% report having shortness of breath, and 63% report having wheezing. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of acute bronchospasm are wheezing, although you may still have acute bronchospasm without those symptoms.
Patients with acute bronchospasm often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, nebulizer therapy, electrocardiogram, cardiac enzymes measurement, influenzavirus antibody assay, cardiac monitoring and blood culture .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with acute bronchospasm include albuterol, ipratropium, prednisolone, combivent, levalbuterol (xopenex), brompheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, codeine / promethazine, chlorpheniramine / hydrocodone / phenylephrine, carbinoxamine / pseudoephedrine, nitric oxide, arformoterol (brovana), carbetapentane / chlorpheniramine / phenylephrine and penicillin g benzathine (bicillin) .
Groups of people at highest risk for acute bronchospasm include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.