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Acne

Acne vulgaris (cystic acne or simply acne) is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea (scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples), nodules (large papules) and possibly scarring. Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles; these areas include the face, the upper part of the chest, and the back. Severe acne is inflammatory, but acne can also manifest in noninflammatory forms. The lesions are caused by changes in pilosebaceous units, skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland, changes that require androgen stimulation.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with acne, 94% report having acne or pimples, 38% report having skin rash, and 21% report having abnormal appearing skin. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of acne are acne or pimples, skin moles, and nose deformity, although you may still have acne without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with acne often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), lipid panel, excision, excision of skin lesion, biopsy, other therapeutic procedures, depression screen and other non-or therapeutic procedures on skin and breast .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with acne include benzoyl peroxide topical, tretinoin topical, doxycycline, clindamycin, isotretinoin (accutane), minocycline, adapalene topical, benzoyl peroxide-clindamycin topical, tazarotene topical, clindamycin topical product, benzoyl peroxide-erythromycin topical, tetracycline and erythromycin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for acne include age 5-14 years age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years almost never get acne.

Age

< 1 years
0.8x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
1.8x
15-29 years
2.9x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
0.3x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.0x
Other
1.3x
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