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Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (also known as AAA, pronounced "triple-a") is a localized dilatation (ballooning) of the abdominal aorta exceeding the normal diameter by more than 50 percent, and is the most common form of aortic aneurysm. Approximately 90 percent of abdominal aortic aneurysms occur infrarenally (below the kidneys), but they can also occur pararenally (at the level of the kidneys) or suprarenally (above the kidneys). Such aneurysms can extend to include one or both of the iliac arteries in the pelvis.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with abdominal aortic aneurysm, 53% report having sharp abdominal pain, 35% report having back pain, and 28% report having shortness of breath. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of abdominal aortic aneurysm are swollen abdomen and pallor, although you may still have abdominal aortic aneurysm without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, x-ray computed tomography, complete blood count, ultrasonography, electrocardiogram, electrolytes panel and kidney function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm include doxazosin, hydrochlorothiazide / irbesartan, dutasteride (avodart), bismuth subsalicylate/metronidazole/tcn, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), nitroprusside, cevimeline (evoxac), papain-urea topical, ranolazine (ranexa), midodrine, fludrocortisone, bisoprolol (emcor) and indapamide .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for abdominal aortic aneurysm include age 75+ years, sex == male and age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.1x
45-59 years
0.4x
60-74 years
2.9x
75+ years
5.0x

Sex

Male
1.8x
Female
0.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.4x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.4x
Other
0.1x
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