Listing concepts that match "lymphedema 2"

Displaying 1 - 50 of 95 in total

Fd&C Blue No. 2 (Tradjenta)
Brand names: Indigo Carmine, Indigotindisulfonate Sodium, and 1H-Indole-5-Sulfonic Acid, 2-(1,3-Dihydro-3-Oxo-5-Sulfo-2H-Indol-2-Ylidene)-2,3-Dihydro-3-Oxo-, Disodium Salt
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
Lymphedema
Swelling, typically in one arm or leg, due to blockage of the lymphatic system (a drainage network that helps with the immune system), leading to backed up lymphatic fluid in the tissues. Some types of lymphedema are inherited, while others are caused by surgery, radiation therapy, or swelling of the lymph nodes due to infection or cancer.
Lymphedema
Fluid retention, typically in the arms or legs, due to blockage of the lymphatic system; symptoms include swelling, feeling of heaviness or tightness, aching or discomfort, and hardening of the skin
Fludeoxyglucose F18 (Fdg)
Brand names: Fluorodeoxyglucose F18, Fludeoxyglucose F 18, and Fludeoxyglucose F-18
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
Tubocurarine
Brand names: Tubocurare, Tubocurarine Chloride, and 13H-4,6:21,24-Dietheno-8,12-Metheno-1H-Pyrido(3',2':14,15)(1,11)Dioxacycloeicosino(2,3,4-Ij)Isoquinolinium
A neuromuscular blocker and active ingredient in CURARE; plant based alkaloid of Menispermaceae.
Bismuth Subcitrate Potassium
Brand names: 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic Acid, 2-Hydroxy-, Bismuth(3+) Potassium Salt (2:1:5) and Bismuth Pentapotassium Dihydroxide Bis(2-Hydroxypropane-1,2,3-Tricarboxylate Hydrate
Amitriptyline
Brand names: Lentizol, Elavil, and Domical
Tricyclic antidepressant with anticholinergic and sedative properties. It appears to prevent the re-uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin at nerve terminals, thus potentiating the action of these neurotransmitters. Amitriptyline also appears to antagonize cholinergic and alpha-1 adrenergic responses to bioactive amines.
Perphenazine
Brand names: Etrafon 2-10, Etrafon 2-25, and Duo-Vil 2-10
An antipsychotic phenothiazine derivative with actions and uses similar to those of CHLORPROMAZINE.
Isometheptene Mucate
Brand names: Isometheptene, Galactarate (2:1) (Salt), 4-Hexenylamine, N,1,5-Trimethyl-, Mucate (2:1), and N,1,5-Trimethyl-4-Hexenylamine Mucate
Isometheptene Mucate is very rare, occurring 1 in 78689 users.
Epinephrine
Brand names: Vivacaine, Marcaine With Epinephrine 0.25/1:200000, and Marcaine With Epinephrine 0.5/1:200000
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
Iopamidol (Isovue)
Brand names: 1,3-Benzenedicarboxamide, N,N'-Bis(2-Hydroxy-1-(Hydroxymethyl)Ethyl)-5-((2-Hydroxy-1-Oxopropyl)Amino)-2,4,6-Triiodo-, (S)-N,N'-Bis(2-Hydroxy-1-(Hydroxymethyl)Ethyl)-2,4,6-Triiodo-5-Lactamidoisophthalamide, and Isovue
A non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiological procedures.
Penicillin G Procaine
Brand names: Procaine Penicillin G, 4-Thia-1-Azabicyclo(3.2.0)Heptane-2-Carboxylic Acid, 3,3-Dimethyl-7-Oxo-6-((Phenylacetyl)Amino)-, (2S-(2.Alpha.,5.Alpha.,6.Beta.))-, Compd. With 2-(Diethylamino)Ethyl 4-Aminobenzoate (1:1) Monohydrate, and (2S,5R,6R)-3,3-Dimethyl-7-Oxo-6-(2-Phenylacetamido)-4-Thia-1-Azabicyclo(3.2.0)Heptane-2-Carboxylic Acid Compound With 2-(Diethylamino)Ethyl P-Aminobenzoate (1:1) Monohydrate
Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.
Desflurane
Brand names: Suprane
Desflurane (1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether) is a highly fluorinated methyl ethyl ether used for maintenance of general anesthesia. Like halothane, enflurane and isoflurane, it is a racemic mixture of (R) and (S) ...
Chlorpheniramine (C.P.M.)
Brand names: Sinulin, Actifed Cold & Sinus, and Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold Liquigel
A histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic reactions, hay fever, rhinitis, urticaria, and asthma. It has also been used in veterinary applications. One of the most widely used of the classical antihistaminics, it generally causes less drowsiness and sedation than PROMETHAZINE.
Codeine
Brand names: Capital And Codeine, Colrex, and Ez Iii
An opioid analgesic related to MORPHINE but with less potent analgesic properties and mild sedative effects. It also acts centrally to suppress cough.
Ethacrynic Acid (Ea)
Brand names: [2,3-Dichloro-4-(2-Methylene-1-Oxobutyl)Phenoxy]Acetic Acid, Ea, and Edecrin
A compound that inhibits symport of sodium, potassium, and chloride primarily in the ascending limb of Henle, but also in the proximal and distal tubules. This pharmacological action results in excretion of these ions, increased urinary output, and reduction in extracellular fluid. This compound has been classified as a loop or high ceiling diuretic.
Hemin
Brand names: Panhematin
Chloro(7,12-diethenyl-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,18-dipropanoato(4-)-N(21),N(22),N(23),N(24)) ferrate(2-) dihydrogen.
Mefenamic Acid
Brand names: 2-((2,3-Dimethylphenyl)Amino)Benzoic Acid, Anthranilic Acid, N-2,3-Xylyl-, and Ponstel
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.
Phenylephrine (Duramax)
Brand names: Colrex, Covangesic, and Emagrin Forte
An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used as a mydriatic, nasal decongestant, and cardiotonic agent.
Pseudoephedrine (Pcm-La)
Brand names: Sinutab, Drixoral Sinus, and Robitussin Night Relief
A phenethylamine that is an isomer of EPHEDRINE which has less central nervous system effects and usage is mainly for respiratory tract decongestion.
Simethicone (Degas)
Brand names: Flatulex, Gelusil, and Mylanta
A poly(dimethylsiloxane) which is a polymer of 200-350 units of dimethylsiloxane, along with added silica gel. It is used as an antiflatulent, surfactant, and ointment base.
Uracil Mustard
Brand names: Uramustine, 5-(Bis-(2-Chloroethyl) Amino) Uracil, and 5-[Bis(2-Chloroethyl)Amino]Uracil
Nitrogen mustard derivative of URACIL. It is a alkylating antineoplastic agent that is used in lymphatic malignancies, and causes mainly gastrointestinal and bone marrow damage.
Valproic Acid
Brand names: 2-Propylpentanoic Acid, 2-Propylvaleric Acid, and Di-N-Propylacetic Acid
A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels.
Gadoteridol (Prohance)
Brand names: Gd-Hp-Do3A, Gadoteridolum, and (10-(2-Hydroxypropyl)-1,4,7,10-Tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-Triacetato)Gadolinium
Gadoteridol (INN) is a gadolinium-based MRI contrast agent, used particularly in the imaging of the central nervous system. It is sold under the brand name ProHance.
Pralidoxime
Brand names: Duodote and Protopam Chloride
Pralidoxime (2-pyridine aldoxime methyl chloride,) or 2-PAM, usually as the chloride or methiodide salts, belongs to a family of compounds called oximes that bind to organophosphate-inactivated acetylcholinesterase. It is used to ...
Gadobenate Dimeglumine (Multihance)
Brand names: (4Rs)-[4-Carboxy-5,8,11-Tris(Carboxymethyl)-1-Phenyl-2-Oxa-5,8,11-Triazatridecan-13-Oato(5-)] Gadolinate(2-) Dihydrogen Compound With 1-Deoxy-1-(Methylamino)-D-Glucitol (1:2), Gd-Bopta, and Multihance
Gadobenic acid (tradename MultiHance) is a complex of gadolinium with the ligand BOPTA. In the form of the diglumine salt it functions as a gadolinium-based MRI contrast medium, under the trade ...
Gadoversetamide (Optimark)
Brand names: Optimark and (N,N-Bis(2-((Carboxymethyl)(((2-Methoxyethyl)Carbamoyl)Methyl)Amino)Ethyl)Glycinato(3-))Gadolinium
Gadoversetamide is a gadolinium-based MRI contrast agent, particularly for imaging of the brain, spine and liver. It is marketed under the trade name OptiMARK.
Gallium 67 Citrate
Brand names: Gallium-67 Citrate, Gallium Citrate Ga-67, and 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic Acid, 2-Hydroxy-, Gallium-(Sup 67)Ga(1:1) Salt
Hydatidiform mole
A noncancerous mass or growth of tissue that forms inside of the womb at the beginning of pregnancy. The exact cause is not fully understood, but it is due to a major problem during conception, leading to a nonviable fertilized egg (for instance, sperm combining with an egg without DNA or an egg combining with 2 sperms)
Meningioma
A group of tumors arising from the meninges, the membranes that cover and support the brain and spinal cord. A large majority, though not all, are noncancerous. The exact cause is not known, though certain medical conditions, such as neurofibromatosis type 2, increase the risk.
Premenstrual tension syndrome
Commonly known as "PMS," this is a group of emotional symptoms, sometimes accompanied by physical symptoms, that occur in women 1 or 2 weeks prior to menstruation (i.e. "the period") and stop once menstruation begins. The exact cause is unknown.
Aluminum Hydroxide (M.A.H.)
Brand names: Gaviscon, Gelusil, and Maalox
A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.
Amyl Nitrite
Brand names: Nitrous Acid, 2-Methylbutyl Ester, Mixt. With 3-Methylbutylnitrite, Amyl Nitrosum, and Nitramyl
A vasodilator that is administered by inhalation. It is also used recreationally due to its supposed ability to induce euphoria and act as an aphrodisiac.
Antithrombin Iii
Brand names: Thrombate Iii, Thrombate, and Atryn
A plasma alpha 2 glycoprotein that accounts for the major antithrombin activity of normal plasma and also inhibits several other enzymes. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
Clonidine
Brand names: Clorpres 0.1/15, Clorpres 0.2/15, and Clorpres 0.3/15
An imidazoline sympatholytic agent that stimulates ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and central IMIDAZOLINE RECEPTORS. It is commonly used in the management of HYPERTENSION.
Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (Xiaflex)
Brand names: Xiaflex
A metalloproteinase which degrades helical regions of native collagen to small fragments. Preferred cleavage is -Gly in the sequence -Pro-Xaa-Gly-Pro-. Six forms (or 2 classes) have been isolated from Clostridium histolyticum that are immunologically cross-reactive but possess different sequences and different specificities. Other variants have been isolated from Bacillus cereus, Empedobacter collagenolyticum, Pseudomonas marinoglutinosa, and species of Vibrio and Streptomyces. EC 3.4.24.3.
Copper Gluconate (Preservision 2)
Brand names: Preservision 2
Copper Gluconate is very rare, occurring 1 in 67447 users.
Dextromethorphan (Duramax)
Brand names: Robitussin Night Relief, Anatuss, and Child Tylenol Cold Multi-Symptom Plus Cough
Methyl analog of DEXTRORPHAN that shows high affinity binding to several regions of the brain, including the medullary cough center. This compound is an NMDA receptor antagonist (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and acts as a non-competitive channel blocker. It is one of the widely used ANTITUSSIVES, and is also used to study the involvement of glutamate receptors in neurotoxicity.
Dimercaprol
Brand names: Bal In Oil
An anti-gas warfare agent that is effective against Lewisite (dichloro(2-chlorovinyl)arsine) and formerly known as British Anti-Lewisite or BAL. It acts as a chelating agent and is used in the treatment of arsenic, gold, and other heavy metal poisoning.
Doxepin
Brand names: Silenor
A dibenzoxepin tricyclic compound. It displays a range of pharmacological actions including maintaining adrenergic innervation. Its mechanism of action is not fully understood, but it appears to block reuptake of monoaminergic neurotransmitters into presynaptic terminals. It also possesses anticholinergic activity and modulates antagonism of histamine H(1)- and H(2)-receptors.
Helium (He)
Brand names: He
Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Hydrocodone
Brand names: Duocet, Allay, and Anexsia
Narcotic analgesic related to CODEINE, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.
Insulin Isophane (Humulin N)
Brand names: Insulin, Nph, Humulin N, and Novolin N
An intermediate-acting INSULIN preparation with onset time of 2 hours and duration of 24 hours. It is produced by crystallizing ZINC-insulin-PROTAMINES at neutral pH 7. Thus it is called neutral protamine Hagedorn for inventor Hans Christian Hagedorn.
Thioctic Acid (Lipoic Acid)
Brand names: Lipoic Acid, Alpha Lipoic Acid, and Alpha-Lipoic Acid
An octanoic acid bridged with two sulfurs so that it is sometimes also called a pentanoic acid in some naming schemes. It is biosynthesized by cleavage of LINOLEIC ACID and is a coenzyme of oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (KETOGLUTARATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX). It is used in DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS.
Magnesium Hydroxide (M.A.H.)
Brand names: Gelusil, Maalox, and Mylanta
An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral brucite. It acts as an antacid with cathartic effects.
Mepivacaine (Carbocaine)
Brand names: Scandonest 2% Special, Carbocaine, and Carbocaine Hcl
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Pepsin A
Brand names: Digipepsin
Formed from pig pepsinogen by cleavage of one peptide bond. The enzyme is a single polypeptide chain and is inhibited by methyl 2-diaazoacetamidohexanoate. It cleaves peptides preferentially at the carbonyl linkages of phenylalanine or leucine and acts as the principal digestive enzyme of gastric juice.
Lecithin
Brand names: Lecithin Natural and Lecithin-Softgels
A complex mixture of PHOSPHOLIPIDS; GLYCOLIPIDS; and TRIGLYCERIDES; with substantial amounts of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES; PHOSPHATIDYLETHANOLAMINES; and PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS, which are sometimes loosely termed as 1,2-diacyl-3-phosphocholines. Lecithin is a component of the CELL MEMBRANE and commercially extracted from SOYBEANS and EGG YOLK. The emulsifying and surfactant properties are useful in FOOD ADDITIVES and for forming organogels (GELS).
Phytase
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.
Vitamin K 1 (Mephyton)
Brand names: Infuvite, Infuvite Pediatric, and Mvi Pediatric
A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.

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