Listing concepts that match "drug abuse 2"

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Drug abuse (opioids)
A condition in which someone continues to use opioid drugs (e.g. heroin, morphine, prescription pain killers such as oxycodone) despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, health).
Drug abuse
A condition in which someone continues to use drugs (including street drugs, alcohol, and prescription medications) despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, health).
Drug abuse (cocaine)
When an individual snorts, smokes (crack), or injects cocaine. Using cocaine can put an enormous strain on the heart and actually cause a heart attack in otherwise healthy individuals.
Drug abuse
Continuing to use drugs (alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, prescription, heroin) despite it causing problems in your life (e.g. arrests, problems in your career or relationships, health)
Drug abuse (barbiturates)
A condition in which someone continues to use barbituates ("barbs" or "downers") despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, health).
Drug abuse (methamphetamine)
A condition in which someone continues to use methamphetamine ("crystal meth") despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, health).
Fd&C Blue No. 2 (Tradjenta)
Brand names: Indigo Carmine, Indigotindisulfonate Sodium, and 1H-Indole-5-Sulfonic Acid, 2-(1,3-Dihydro-3-Oxo-5-Sulfo-2H-Indol-2-Ylidene)-2,3-Dihydro-3-Oxo-, Disodium Salt
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
Drug withdrawal
A pattern of symptoms that occurs after discontinuing or decreasing the use of certain medications or recreational drugs. It is a hallmark of chemical dependency, and the timing and exact symptoms differ based on the drug. Abrupt discontinuation of certain drugs, such as alcohol, can be life-threatening.
Drug reaction
An umbrella term for an undesired and often unpleasant effect of a drug. This can be a consequence of prolonged use (e.g. stomach ulcers from NSAIDs), idiosyncratic (e.g. red-man syndrome from vancomycin), or allergic (e.g. penicillin allergy).
Drug poisoning due to medication
An abnormally high level of a prescription medication in the body leading to damage. This can be caused by intentional or unintentional overdose, combination with interacting medications, or diseases that prevent drug breakdown or elimination. This can be a medical emergency.
Neuropathy due to drugs
Any damage or disease affecting the nerves, which may lead to changes in sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or many other issues. Many different drugs are known to cause neuropathy as a side effect.
Abusing alcohol
Continuing to drink alcohol despite it causing problems in your life (e.g. arrests, problems in your career or relationships, health)
Alcohol abuse
A condition in which someone continues to drink alcohol despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, health).
Marijuana abuse
A condition in which someone continues to use marijuana despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, lack of productivity, health).
Poisoning due to antimicrobial drugs
Damage to the body due to too much of or a bad reaction to antimicrobials (medicines that treats infections). Depending upon the exact medication, the symptoms vary, though they can all be life-threatening. Antimicrobials include antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics.
Extrapyramidal effect of drugs
Extrapyramidal symptoms include muscle spasms, a feeling of restlessness of the limbs, rigidity, tremor, slowed movements, inability to initiate purposeful movements, facial grimacing, and lip smacking. They are often a side effect of medications that reduce levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. These include many anti-psychotic medications, certain anti-nausea medications, and certain anti-depressant medications.
Alcohol and drug rehabilitation/detoxification
Alcohol and drug rehabilitation/detoxification is very rare, occurring 1 in 36318 users.
Troglitazone
Brand names: Romozin and Rezulin
Troglitazone (Rezulin, Resulin, Romozin, Noscal) is an antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory drug, and a member of the drug class of the thiazolidinediones. It was prescribed for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. ...
Substance-related mental disorder
Any mental health condition, including withdrawal, disorders of thinking like delirium or psychosis, and mood disorders like depression, that are primarily due to drug abuse.
Amphetamine (Adderall)
Brand names: Adderall and Adderall-Xr
A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
Cocaine
Brand names: C-Topical
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Dextroamphetamine (Adderall)
Brand names: Adderall, Adderall-Xr, and Dexedrine
The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.
Mepivacaine (Carbocaine)
Brand names: Scandonest 2% Special, Carbocaine, and Carbocaine Hcl
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
Methamphetamine
Brand names: Desoxyn
A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The smokable form is a drug of abuse and is referred to as crank, crystal, crystal meth, ice, and speed.
Phencyclidine (Schedule I Substance) (Pcp)
Brand names: Phencyclidine and Pcp
A hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to KETAMINE in structure and in many of its effects. Like ketamine, it can produce a dissociative state. It exerts its pharmacological action through inhibition of NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE). As a drug of abuse, it is known as PCP and Angel Dust.
Sodium Salicylate
Brand names: Salicylate, Sodium and Benzoic Acid, 2-Hydroxy-, Monosodium Salt
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent that is less effective than equal doses of ASPIRIN in relieving pain and reducing fever. However, individuals who are hypersensitive to ASPIRIN may tolerate sodium salicylate. In general, this salicylate produces the same adverse reactions as ASPIRIN, but there is less occult gastrointestinal bleeding. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p120)
Thiabendazole
Brand names: Mintezol
2-Substituted benzimidazole first introduced in 1962. It is active against a variety of nematodes and is the drug of choice for STRONGYLOIDIASIS. It has CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM side effects and hepatototoxic potential. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p919)
Fenofibric Acid (Trilipix)
Brand names: Propanoic Acid, 2-(4-(4-Chlorobenzoyl)Phenoxy)-2-Methyl-, Trilipix, and Fibricor
Fenofibrate (Abbott's Tricor) is a drug of the fibrate class. It is mainly used to reduce cholesterol levels in patients at risk of cardiovascular disease. Like other fibrates, it reduces both ...
Miglitol (Glyset)
Brand names: Glyset
Miglitol is an oral anti-diabetic drug that acts by inhibiting the ability of the patient to break down complex carbohydrates into glucose. It is primarily used in diabetes mellitus type 2 ...
Tenofovir
Brand names: Pmpa, (((1R)-2-(6-Amino-9H-Purin-9-Yl)-1-Methylethoxy)Methyl)Phosphonic Acid, and (R)-9-(Phosphonomethoxypropyl)Adenine
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF or PMPA), marketed by Gilead Sciences under the trade name Viread, belongs to a class of antiretroviral drugs known as nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), which ...
Dronedarone (Multaq)
Brand names: Multaq
Dronedarone (development codename SR33589 and marketed as Multaq) is a drug by Sanofi-Aventis, mainly for the indication of cardiac arrhythmias. It was approved by the FDA on July 2, 2009. It ...
Divalproex Sodium (Depakote)
Brand names: Depakote, Sodium Divalproex, and Valproate Semisodium
Valproic acid (VPA), an acidic chemical compound, has found clinical use as an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug, primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and, less commonly, major depression. It ...
Nateglinide (Starlix)
Brand names: Starlix
Nateglinide (INN, trade name Starlix) is a drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Nateglinide was developed by Ajinomoto, a Japanese company and sold by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis. ...
Fludeoxyglucose F18 (Fdg)
Brand names: Fluorodeoxyglucose F18, Fludeoxyglucose F 18, and Fludeoxyglucose F-18
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
Tubocurarine
Brand names: Tubocurare, Tubocurarine Chloride, and 13H-4,6:21,24-Dietheno-8,12-Metheno-1H-Pyrido(3',2':14,15)(1,11)Dioxacycloeicosino(2,3,4-Ij)Isoquinolinium
A neuromuscular blocker and active ingredient in CURARE; plant based alkaloid of Menispermaceae.
Bismuth Subcitrate Potassium
Brand names: 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic Acid, 2-Hydroxy-, Bismuth(3+) Potassium Salt (2:1:5) and Bismuth Pentapotassium Dihydroxide Bis(2-Hydroxypropane-1,2,3-Tricarboxylate Hydrate
Amitriptyline
Brand names: Lentizol, Elavil, and Domical
Tricyclic antidepressant with anticholinergic and sedative properties. It appears to prevent the re-uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin at nerve terminals, thus potentiating the action of these neurotransmitters. Amitriptyline also appears to antagonize cholinergic and alpha-1 adrenergic responses to bioactive amines.
Perphenazine
Brand names: Etrafon 2-10, Etrafon 2-25, and Duo-Vil 2-10
An antipsychotic phenothiazine derivative with actions and uses similar to those of CHLORPROMAZINE.
Isometheptene Mucate
Brand names: Isometheptene, Galactarate (2:1) (Salt), 4-Hexenylamine, N,1,5-Trimethyl-, Mucate (2:1), and N,1,5-Trimethyl-4-Hexenylamine Mucate
Isometheptene Mucate is very rare, occurring 1 in 78689 users.
Epinephrine
Brand names: Vivacaine, Marcaine With Epinephrine 0.25/1:200000, and Marcaine With Epinephrine 0.5/1:200000
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
Iopamidol (Isovue)
Brand names: 1,3-Benzenedicarboxamide, N,N'-Bis(2-Hydroxy-1-(Hydroxymethyl)Ethyl)-5-((2-Hydroxy-1-Oxopropyl)Amino)-2,4,6-Triiodo-, (S)-N,N'-Bis(2-Hydroxy-1-(Hydroxymethyl)Ethyl)-2,4,6-Triiodo-5-Lactamidoisophthalamide, and Isovue
A non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiological procedures.
Penicillin G Procaine
Brand names: Procaine Penicillin G, 4-Thia-1-Azabicyclo(3.2.0)Heptane-2-Carboxylic Acid, 3,3-Dimethyl-7-Oxo-6-((Phenylacetyl)Amino)-, (2S-(2.Alpha.,5.Alpha.,6.Beta.))-, Compd. With 2-(Diethylamino)Ethyl 4-Aminobenzoate (1:1) Monohydrate, and (2S,5R,6R)-3,3-Dimethyl-7-Oxo-6-(2-Phenylacetamido)-4-Thia-1-Azabicyclo(3.2.0)Heptane-2-Carboxylic Acid Compound With 2-(Diethylamino)Ethyl P-Aminobenzoate (1:1) Monohydrate
Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.
Desflurane
Brand names: Suprane
Desflurane (1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether) is a highly fluorinated methyl ethyl ether used for maintenance of general anesthesia. Like halothane, enflurane and isoflurane, it is a racemic mixture of (R) and (S) ...
Antipyrine
Brand names: Auralgan, A/B Otic, and Aurodex
An analgesic and antipyretic that has been given by mouth and as ear drops. Antipyrine is often used in testing the effects of other drugs or diseases on drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p29)
Chlorpheniramine (C.P.M.)
Brand names: Sinulin, Actifed Cold & Sinus, and Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold Liquigel
A histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic reactions, hay fever, rhinitis, urticaria, and asthma. It has also been used in veterinary applications. One of the most widely used of the classical antihistaminics, it generally causes less drowsiness and sedation than PROMETHAZINE.
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
Brand names: Thorazine
The prototypical phenothiazine antipsychotic drug. Like the other drugs in this class chlorpromazine's antipsychotic actions are thought to be due to long-term adaptation by the brain to blocking DOPAMINE RECEPTORS. Chlorpromazine has several other actions and therapeutic uses, including as an antiemetic and in the treatment of intractable hiccup.
Clofazimine
Brand names: Lamprene
A fat-soluble riminophenazine dye used for the treatment of leprosy. It has been used investigationally in combination with other antimycobacterial drugs to treat Mycobacterium avium infections in AIDS patients. Clofazimine also has a marked anti-inflammatory effect and is given to control the leprosy reaction, erythema nodosum leprosum. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1993, p1619)
Codeine
Brand names: Capital And Codeine, Colrex, and Ez Iii
An opioid analgesic related to MORPHINE but with less potent analgesic properties and mild sedative effects. It also acts centrally to suppress cough.
Diethylpropion (Tenuate)
Brand names: Tenuate, Tepanil, and Depletite
A appetite depressant considered to produce less central nervous system disturbance than most drugs in this therapeutic category. It is also considered to be among the safest for patients with hypertension. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2290)
Ethacrynic Acid (Ea)
Brand names: [2,3-Dichloro-4-(2-Methylene-1-Oxobutyl)Phenoxy]Acetic Acid, Ea, and Edecrin
A compound that inhibits symport of sodium, potassium, and chloride primarily in the ascending limb of Henle, but also in the proximal and distal tubules. This pharmacological action results in excretion of these ions, increased urinary output, and reduction in extracellular fluid. This compound has been classified as a loop or high ceiling diuretic.

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