An inability of the body to process sugar due to a lack of or resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. It is commonly associated with obesity and pregnancy, but can also be the result of autoimmune destruction of the pancreas, the organ that secretes insulin.
A condition, unrelated diabetes mellitus (the disease normally referred to as "diabetes"), in which the kidneys are not able to conserve water. This leads to increased thirst and urination. This is due to a problem with the kidneys or a problem with a hormone released by part of the brain.
An increase in blood sugar levels in a pregnant woman who did not previously have diabetes. This condition needs to be carefully monitored for the safety of the baby, and though blood sugar levels typically return to normal after pregnancy, the woman is at risk for developing diabetes in the future.
A medical emergency, this is a complication of diabetes in which lack of insulin leads to dehydration and acid production. It often occurs during times of stress (illness, heart attack, cocaine use, etc.), when the body needs more insulin. It is treated with iv fluids and insulin.
Disorder of the kidneys, the organs that filter waste products from blood and produce urine, due to complications from diabetes. High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood, and the extra work eventually leads to damage and inability to filter.
Destruction of the body's sensory nerves (most commonly in the feet and hands) due to damage to the blood vessels that feed the nerves. Damage is caused by chronically high blood sugar from uncontrolled diabetes.
This tool is for educational purposes only. It is NOT
intended for diagnostic purposes. Only a physician or
licensed provider may diagnose and treat diseases. Read the
Terms and Conditions and
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