Listing concepts that match "anemia"

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Anemia
Either a decrease in the total number of red blood cells or a decrease in the amount of oxygen-binding molecules (hemoglobin) in red blood cells. This leads to poor delivery of oxygen to the tissues of the body.
Aplastic anemia
A blood disorder in which the bone marrow does not produce enough new blood cells (including those that carry oxygen, fight infections, and prevent bleeding). It may be inherited or caused by toxins, medications, radiation or chemotherapy, auto-immune diseases, infections, or pregnancy.
Hemolytic anemia
A condition in which the body does not have enough healthy blood cells due to their early destruction. Common causes include attack by the immune system, certain genetic defects (such as sickle cell anemia or G6PD deficiency), blood clots, or blood transfusion with poorly matched blood.
Sickle cell anemia
A hereditary form of anemia (i.e. low red blood cell count) in which the red blood cells take on a rigid, curved shape. These cells can clump together, blocking blood vessels and leading to pain and permanent damage to the vital organs.
Iron deficiency anemia
A condition in which the body cannot produce enough red blood cells because one of the main building blocks (iron) is not available. Possible causes include low iron intake in the diet or loss through bleeding.
Anemia due to malignancy
Anemia is an abnormally low number of red blood cells, the cells that carry oxygen in the blood. Malignancies, also known as cancers, can cause anemia in a number of different ways, including bleeding and bone marrow suppression.
Anemia of chronic disease
Low levels in the blood of red blood cells, the cells that carry oxygen to the tissues, due to longstanding inflammatory conditions such as auto-immune disease, HIV, cancer, kidney disease, liver disease, and many others.
Anemia due to chronic kidney disease
A lowered number of red blood cells (the cells that carry oxygen to the tissues) due to some form of kidney disease, such as chronic kidney disease due to high blood pressure. This is caused by lower amounts of a hormone (erythropoietin) produced by the kidneys that tells the body to make red blood cells.

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